The Ziyarat in Makkah

The Ziyarat in Makkah

The pilgrims setting out for offering their pilgrimage, either Umrah or the Hajj also visits the highly significant places in and around the Makkah and the Medinah. The Ziyarat or the significant places in the Makkah include the Muzdalifah. From the Valley of Muhassar, Muzdalifah stretches to the mountains of Mazamayn. It is 4 kilometers extended and covers an area of 12.25km2. Referring to Muzdalifah, Allah Almighty mentions in Surah Baqarah in the Quran:

“When you leave Arafat, then remember Allah at the Masharul Haram.” (‘The Sacred Monument’, referring to Muzdalifah according to Abdullah bin Umar [R.A])
During the Hajj farewell, the Prophet (PBUH) performed the Maghrib and Isha prayer together at Muzdalifah. He stayed at the mark where the present Masjid Masharul Haram is currently being towards the Qibla side. From there, the Prophet (PBUH) said: “Although I am staying here, you may stay anywhere throughout Muzdalifah.”

The other place of Ziyarah is the Arafat Mount. The common meaning of the word Arafat is “to know”. After being taken out of Jannah and placed on Earth, it was here that Adam (R.A) and Hawa (R.A) met up. Standing on Arafat is a necessary part of the Hajj; whoever misses the standing on Arafat has missed Hajj, because the Prophet (PBUH) said: “Hajj is Arafat.”

The day of Arafah has many qualities, as was narrated in many Ahadith. Aisha (R.A) narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said: “There is no day in which Allah sets free more souls from the fire of hell than on the day of Arafat. And on that day Allah draws near to the earth and by way of exhibiting His Pride remarks to the angels, ‘What is the desire of these (servants of mine)?” Umar (R.A) said: “On a Friday we know the day and the place in which that was revealed to the Prophet (PBUH) it was when he was standing on Arafat,”
On the right slope of Jabal-ur-Rehmah there once existed a masjid called Masid Sakhrah. It signified the mark where the Prophet (PBUH) after leading the Zuhr and Asar prayer faced towards the Qibla and engaged in Dua till evening. It was at this mark where the an important of the Quran was revealed.

Another milestone for the Pilgrims is the Mina. In the Quran Mina is referenced in Surah Baqarah: “Carry out the remembrance of Allah during the limited days (10th, 11th, 12th and 13th of Dhul Hijjah). There shall be no sin on the person who chooses to hasten (to leave Mina) during the two days (by leaving Mina on the 12th Dhul Hijjah), nor will there be any sin on him who wishes to delay (by leaving Mina on the 13th). For him, who possesses Taqwa, which means throughout the Hajj journey.”

The word Mina means ‘to flow’ as it is here that the blood of sacrificial animal flow during the day of Eid ul Adha. During the Farewell Pilgrimage the Muslims had brought with them 100 camels to be sacrificed. On the 10th Dhul Hijjah the Prophet (PBUH) stoned the Jamarat and went back to his camp in Mina where he sacrificed 63 of the camels. Ali (R.A) slaughtered the remaining 37 camels and the Prophet (PBUH) instructed that a part of each camel is cooked and served to him (PBUH) and his Companions.

After the camels had been sacrificed, the Prophet (PBUH) called for a barber to shave his head. Abu Bakar (R.A) remarked afterwards on the contrast between the Khalid bin Waleed before he embraced Islam and the Khalid, who now said, “O Messenger of Allah, they forelock! Give it to none but I, my father and my mother are the ransom!” And when the Prophet (PBUH) gave it to him he pressed it reverently against his eyes and lips. It is reported that Khalid bin Waleed (R.A) used to keep this hair in his headgear. In Mina there lies a cave known as the ‘Cave of Mursalaat’ as this was where the Prophet (PBUH) was when Surah Mursalaat was revealed to him.

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